Monday, January 22, 2018

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose


Sri Aurobindo had a profound impact on Subhas Chandra Bose as reflected in his autobiography “An Indian Pilgrimage”:

“In my undergraduate days, Aurobindo Ghosh was easily the most popular leader in Bengal… a mixture of spirituality and politics had given him a halo of mysticism and made his personality more fascinating to those who were religiously inclined… We felt convinced that spiritual enlightenment was necessary for effective national service…”

A birthday tribute to Netaji 

Indian Independence was achieved at last due to Netaji and the I NA

During his entire political career Subhas Chandra Bose was mostly kept in jail or exiled unlike
his colleagues. He was singled out as the most obstinate opponent of the colonialists. Close to the
people, he was denied their presence for fear of his influencing them. Rulers before and after
independence were afraid of his presence, before and after his disappearance from the
political scenes.

Under house arrest, he escaped on 16 January 1941and reached Germany incognito. During
the perilous days of the Second World War, on 8 February 1943 he reached Madgaskar in
German Uboat (Submarine). In the perilous water amid scattered boats, men and whizzing
bullets they were transferred in a dinghy to a Japanese submarine and reached Tokyo on 13 June
1943.In Singapore Bose assumed charge of the Indian Independence League as its President. In a
speech on 9 July 1943 he asserted to a gathering of 60000 people: There is no nationalist
leader in India who can claim to possess the many-sided experience that I have been able to

In August 1943 he assumed Supreme Command of the INA. Netaji is ever remembered for
his clarion call to his countrymen, "Give me blood and I promise you freedom" and a battle cry
of “March to Delhi or Delhi Chalo”. Bose inaugurated the Provincial Government of ‘Free India’
on 21 October 1943. The provisional Government acquired its first Indian territory when Japan
handed over Andaman and Nicober islands to it on 6 November 1943. Indian flag was hoisted in
Kohima in March 1944. The INA with the Japanese soldiers carried out a heroic campaign
against the Allied Forces. Netaji moved from battle field to battle field. With Axis Power’s fall
INA was fallen.

In his speech to the House of Commons (on 15.3.1946) British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
said, “The temperature of 1946 is not the temperature of 1920 or of 1930 or even of 1942. The
slogans of an earlier day are discarded . . . . I am quite certain that at the present time the tide
of nationalism is running very fast in India . . . . Today I think that national idea has spread right
through and not least, perhaps, among some of those soldiers who have given such wonderful
service in the war.”

I. K. Gujral, Ex-Prime Minister of India, who was present at the Karachi uprising of the Royal
Indian Navy in 1946, wrote on 20.2.2006,
“The naval mutinies of February 1946 remain indelible in the Nation’s mind and even more
deep in the psyches of those like me who had witnessed this turning point in history of the
freedom struggle. . . .

“Their high morale was inspiring. The on-lookers spilled on the road to join the slogan
shouting, ‘Netaji ki jaiand Bharat Mata ki jai’”.
Once when Lord Atlee visited Calcutta in 1956 he gave an interview to the then Governor of
West Bengal, P. B. Chakraborty, in 1956. Chakraborty adds, "My direct question to Attlee was
that since Gandhi's Quit India movement had tapered off quite some time ago and in 1947 no
such new compelling situation had arisen that would necessitate a hasty British departure, why
did they had to leave?"

"In his reply Attlee cited several reasons, the principal among them being the erosion of
loyalty to the British crown among the Indian Army and Navy personnel as a result of the
military activities of Netaji."

“That's not all. Chakraborty adds, “Toward the end of our discussion I asked Attlee what was
the extent of Gandhi's influence upon the British decision to quit India. Hearing this question,
Attlee's lips became twisted in a sarcastic smile as he slowly chewed out the word, ‘m-i-n-i-m-al!’"
Fact is that Indian Defence forces turned entirely against the rulers. This was their main
reason for leaving an Empire 200 years old for ever. Indian independence came as a result of
armed struggle, not a bit for non-violent movement, not as a result of ‘Quit India’ exactly; it was
a part of ongoing Indian Independence movement, violent of course.
“Before he was assassinated in 1948, Gandhi-a senior journalist told me-rebuked Nehru and
Patel for not being able to reign in partition madness and wished that his other son(Subhas)
was here!Reminded by Congressman, who had witnessed the dressing down, that Bose was
dead and he had himself come to that belief, Gandhi shot back, ‘He’s in Russia.’” (Anuj 45)

From all facts it may be gathered that if Netaji the Hero of Modern India lived in the country
then there might not be a partition, at least not a blood-bathed partition as happened. He was the
only leader who galvanized all sections of Indian community. He could have ushered in a path of
united India towards real development and progress. Should we look clearly at the recordings
of events and facts in history and change the notion about how India achieved
independence or stick to our prejudiced mindset to teach wrong history to our students and
the posterity?
                                                        © Aju Mukhopadhyay, 2018

Monday, January 8, 2018

Rishi Agastya and Sri Aurobindo Ashram

As per many legends and myths, Pondicherry was supposed to be the home to Rishi Agastya. It is believed that the ashram of sage Agastya was at the same place where Sri Aurobindo Ashram is located at present. Initially, Pondicherry was named as the Vedapuri and was one of the main centers for Vedic studies. According to some excavations at Arikamedu, few researchers guessed the place to be a port town and also there may be the rule of Roman rulers before 2000 years. Also, the place went into the hands of the Pandiyas, the Pallavas and the Muslim rulers for few years.
     During the early 16th century, Pondicherry was conquered by the Portuguese and remained in power for few years. Gradually, the interference of the French and the Dutch began just because of trade affairs and they invaded the town. The French rulers completely took over its control in 1673 and later on, many minor conflicts took place between the Britishers and French rulers to capture Pondicherry. But finally, both the parties decided to end up the struggle for Pondicherry and decided to do settlement with mutual agreement. And as per agreement, the Britishers handed over the Pondicherry to French forever but lastly in 1954, India was quite fortunate to have Pondicherry under his control.

Saturday, December 30, 2017

New Year Celebration in Sri Aurobindo Ashram


Starting in the year 1927, the Sri Aurobindo ashram began the first New Year’s Celebration. On this eve of the New Year day, the sadhaks assembled in the Ashram around  midnight and as soon as the clock struck midnight The Mother welcomed the new year with music on her organ. This was followed by Pranams in the stillness of the night and The Mother blessed everyone.

The last of the midnight Pranams was on the 31 December 1937. “From the 1st January 1939, this Pranam began to take place in the morning … The midnight silence was replaced by the Mother’s ‘Bonne Année’ which was reciprocated.

From 1933, The Mother started distributing a message after her serene music — a thought, a prayer, an aspiration to serve as a guide for the whole year. These messages, written both in English and French, are reproduced in facsimiles of the Mother’s handwriting whenever possible. Between 1974 and 1984, New Year messages were not distributed at the Ashram.
By and by the cards came to be distributed even outside the Ashram; thus those who could not participate in the midnight ceremony of [the New Year] were also able to receive The Mother’s benediction and guidance for the New Year.”

From 1985 to the present, the Pondicherry Ashram has distributed messages selected from the writings of the Mother and Sri Aurobindo to devotees around
the world.


Courtesy and Link:

  *                                                   *
That's what Sri Aurobindo once said to me. What he saw was that the supramental Force would have enough influence on the various governments of the earth, of the nations, to permit hope for a harmony.
                                                                                                  - The Mother
(Mother’s Agenda, Volume 8, Page 138)

Tuesday, December 26, 2017

Bhrigu Saṃhitā and Sri Aurobindo

The Bhrigu Sahitā  is a thousands of years old Sanskrit astrological (Jyotish) classic attributed in its introduction to Maharishi Bhrigu during the Vedic period, the Treta yuga. Its introductory chapter states that it was compiled by the sage out of compassion for humanity so that humanity could cope with the pressures of its existence and move towards a more spiritual nature. The Bhrigu Samhita claims to contain predictions about current and future lives as well as information about the past lives.

(Source: )


On 15 August 1950, an old sadhak with a capacity for vision saw Sri Aurobindo drawing into himself dark fumes that were rising from the subconscious parts of the people as they were coming to him for darśan in a procession. He was gathering up the lower elements of earth-nature within the area of representative humanity and then drawing them into himself.
Was he negotiating a deal of transformation with the bleak - or black - Nadir of existence? Was he hewing a pathway to Light by tunnelling through Night? As he said in the sonnet The Pilgrim of the Night', written in 1938 and revised in 1944:

I made an assignation with the Night;
In the abyss was fixed our rendezvous:
In my breast carrying God's deathless light
I came her dark and dangerous heart to woo.

Another interesting circumstance was Surendra Mohan Ghose's consulting Bhrigu astrologer in Delhi in October 1950. On being shown Sri Aurobindo's horoscope, the astrologer found the correct reference which tallied "exactly with Sri Aurobindo's life", and the astrologer concluded:
After 78 years.... he will develop a ghr̥ṇā  towards his body, and then he may leave his body; otherwise death is in his control.
Of course, if a certain yajña or sacrifice could be performed, the catastrophe might still be averted. Surendra Mohan hurried to Pondicherry and told, first Nolini, and then the Mother who promptly spoke to Sri Aurobindo, about the Bhrigu prediction. "Don't worry" was all that Sri Aurobindo said to Surendra Mohan. But on the Mother's suggestion, Surendra Mohan contacted the astrologer again and after some delay got a copy of the whole reading and sent it through a messenger to Pondicherry; but as things were to turn out, it was much effort to no purpose - the letter reached Nolini after 5 December 1950!

(Sri Aurobindo: A biography and a history – K.R.Srinivasa Iyengar, Page 733)

Sri Aurobindo didn't have much faith in Bhrigu. In a letter

written on 4 May 1936, he referred to the Bhrigu

Samhita as the "old dodge", and added: "Long ago I had

a splendiferous Mussolinic-Napoleonic prediction of my

future made to me on the strength of the same old 

mythological Bhrigu."

(SABCL,Vol. 26, p. 365)